Worst Forms of Child Labour Data

Hungary Region Europe
Population 10,076,000
Population under 18 2,123,000
Total Child Labour

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* For the year 2000, 74200 children between 15-19 years were economically active. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 2001)

* For the year 2000, the ILO projects that there will be 0 economically active children between the ages of 10-14. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

* 114,000 teenagers between 15-19 years are economically active. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 1999)

* In 1995, there were 1,000 economically active children, most of them are girls between the ages of 10-14, representing 0.17% of this age group. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

LOCAL STATISTICS

* A study in 1993 on 5,000 children aged 14-18 revealed that less than 1% under the age of 14 worked, 2% between 14 and 15, years and 3% of children aged 16 years. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The legal working age is 15. Regulatory measures are applied for working conditions of minors between 14 and 16 years. (US Dept of State, Human Rights Report, 1998)

Child Slavery

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Forced labour is prohibited by law. (US Dept of State, Human Rights Report, 1998)

Child Trafficking

ADULT STATISTICS

* According to various reports, some 3,500 Bulgarian women are trafficked to Poland, thousands to the Netherlands and the Czech Republic, while others are trafficked to Germany, Belgium, Canada, Serbia-Montenegro, Romania, Hungary, TFYR Macedonia, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, and Turkey. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Of the total 751 trafficking victims found from January 1994 to June 1995 in Austria, 118 were from Hungary. (CATW Fact Book, citing IOM Report 1996)

* In 1993, 40% of the trafficked women assisted in Belgium by an NGO were mostly from Poland and Hungary. (CATW Fact Book, citing STV and Payoke, "The Growing Exploitation of Migrant Women from Central and Eastern Europe", IOM, May 1995)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Hungary is primarily a transit, but also a source and destination country for trafficked persons. Women and children are trafficked for sexual exploitation mostly from Romania, Ukraine, Moldova, Poland, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and China to and through Hungary to Austria, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, France, and the U.S. Men trafficked for forced labour through Hungary to the EU and the U.S. come from Iraq, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. (US Dept. of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, July 12, 2001)

* Many of the victims of trafficking are brought to the country by organised crime syndicates, either for work in Budapest's thriving sex industry or for transit to Western Europe or North America. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Russian-speaking organised crime syndicates are active in trafficking women primarily from Ukraine and other countries of the former Soviet Union to the European Union via Hungary. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* An increasing number of women trafficked to Switzerland come from Hungary, Russia, Ukraine, and other states of the former Soviet Union. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Hungary is a destination, sourcing and transit country for trafficking in women. One third of the women in prostitution in Hungary are from Ukraine, Romania and Russia. Most women are in 'closed-doors prostitution'. (CATW Fact Book, citing Dr. Borai, "International Workshop on Trafficking in Women in Central and Eastern Europe", IOM, 4-5 October 1997)

* Foreign women in 'call girl' prostitution in Italy are from Poland, Russia, Colombia and Argentina and to a lesser extent from Brazil, Hungary, Romania and the Philippines. (CATW Fact Book, citing Migrant Information Programme, "Trafficking in Women for Sexual Exploitation to Italy", IOM, June 1996)

* Since 1990, there has been a significant increase in the number of foreign prostitutes from Romania, Ukraine and Russia. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Trafficking and Prostitution: The Growing Exploitation of Migrant Women from Central and Eastern Europe", IOM, May 1995)

Child Prostitution and Pornography

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* There are an estimated 500 children engaged in prostitution. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Hungary considers legalized prostitution", 1 December 1997, citing UNICEF)

LOCAL STATISTICS

* There are an estimated 500 child prostitutes in Budapest. (Guardian, August 1996, reprinted in ECPAT Bulletin)

* The proportion of girls under 18 in prostitution, according to the police, is 5-10% in Budapest. (ECPAT International, Helena Karlen and Christene Hagnen, Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Some Eastern European Countries, March 1996)

ADULT STATISTICS

* An estimated 10,000 adults are engaged in prostitution. Budapest alone may have 7,500 prostitutes. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Hungary considers legalized prostitution", citing police expert Akos Borai)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The country was once primarily a source for women and children trafficked for the purpose of forced prostitution. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2000, February 2001)

* Women and children are trafficked for sexual exploitation mostly from Romania, Ukraine, Moldova, Poland, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and China to and through Hungary to Austria, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, France, and the U.S. Men trafficked for forced labour through Hungary to the EU and the U.S. come from Iraq, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. (US Dept. of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, July 12, 2001)

* Many of the victims of trafficking are brought to the country by organised crime syndicates, either for work in Budapest's thriving sex industry or for transit to Western Europe or North America. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Since 1990, there has been a significant increase in the number of foreign prostitutes from Romania, Ukraine and Russia. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Trafficking and Prostitution: The Growing Exploitation of Migrant Women from Central and Eastern Europe", IOM, May 1995)

Children in Crime

GENERAL JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS

* In 1998 there were 55,257 reported cases of juvenile crime, representing 9.20% of all criminal cases. The specific offences were: 33 cases of murder (7.50% of all murders), 118 cases of serious assault (6.40% of all cases), 48,841 cases of all types of theft (16.20% of all cases), 19,901 cases of aggravated theft (20.40% of all cases), 736 cases of robbery and violent theft (24.10% of all cases), 18,900 cases of breaking and entering (20.00% of all cases), 827 cases of theft of motor cars (17.70% of all cases), 28,493 cases of other theft (14.30% of all cases), 1,675 cases of fraud (1.40% of all cases), 306 cases of counterfeit currency offences (15.90% of all cases), 267 cases of drug offences (12.90% of all cases). (INTERPOL, International Crime Statistics for 1998, citing National Statistics)

Child Soldiers RECRUITMENT LAWS AND REGULATIONS

* The law on National Defence provides for the general conscription for all males above the age of 17 but military service before the age of 18 years is not permissible. (CSUCS, Europe Report, October 1999, citing Report of Hungary to the UN CRC, 24 September 1996)

* The minimum age for volunteers is 18 years. (CSUCS, Europe Report, October 1999, citing Mission of Hungary to the UN)

NOTES ON GOVERNMENT FORCES

* There are no indications of under-18s in government armed forces. (CSUCS, Global Report on Child Soldiers - 2001)

Domestic Child Servants -
Other Hazardous
Child Labour
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