Worst Forms of Child Labour Data

Greece Region Europe
Population 10,626,000
Population under 18 2,034,000
Total Child Labour

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* For the year 2000, the ILO projects that there will be 0 economically active children between the ages of 10-14. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

* Official data indicates the main activities which children perform, include agriculture, where 18,528 worked, of which 1,745 were 14 years old, manufacturing, where 10,871 young people were employed, of which 836 were 14 years old, wholesale and retail trade employing 16,154 young workers, of which 512 were aged 14. Other important sectors were construction, hotels and restaurants. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

* For the year 2000, 100626 children between 15-19 years were economically active. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 2001)

* 4,316 in 1996 and 1,666 in 1997. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 1998)

* Officially in 1996, there were 72,347 children aged 14-19 who were working. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

* In 1995, there were 0 economically active children between the ages of 10-14. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The most common sectors where children are employed are agriculture, wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, production of household goods, manufacturing, construction, hotels and restaurants. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

* Findings of the NOW survey revealed the presence of child workers in different fields, and particularly in agriculture. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

Child Slavery

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* There is a rising phenomenon of 'children in the street' the majority of whom carry out forms of forced labour. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

Child Trafficking

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* An academic observer estimated that approximately 40,000 women, most between the ages of 12 and 25, are trafficked to the country each year for prostitution. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2001, March 2002)

* Around 3,000 Albanian children are trafficked to Italy and Greece and are used for begging and cleaning windows of cars without payment. (CRCA, The Vicious Circle, 2000)

* 40% of the minors in prostitution in Greece are from Uzbekistan, Kazakhastan, Armenia, Albania and Iraq. (ECPAT International, A Step Forward, 1999)

ADULT STATISTICS

* According to a Panteion University study, over 85,000 trafficked women have worked in the country in the past decade. Of female prostitutes, 75 percent are not told why they are being brought to Greece. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2001, March 2002)

* Greece is both a transit and destination country for trafficked women. Trafficking in women for prostitution in Greece has increased sharply in recent years. At any give time, some 16,000 to 20,000 trafficked women are in the country, according to unofficial estimates. Approximately 2,400 trafficked women were deported from Greece during the year; many are quickly brought back into the country, according to official sources. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2000, February 2001)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Greece is a transit and destination country for trafficking. Most victims are women who are trafficked for sexual exploitation through Greece to Western Europe from Ukraine, Russia, Bulgaria, Albania, and Yugoslavia. (US Dept. of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, July 12, 2001)

* Trafficking in women for prostitution in Greece has increased sharply in recent years. While the government is stiffening its border controls, in part because of the EU Schengen agreement, there are figures suggesting that many women are brought into the country from neighbouring Bulgaria, Albania, or the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The victims of this practice are often minors. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Moldova is a source country for trafficking of women and girls. Women and girls reportedly are trafficked to Israel, Turkey, Italy and Greece through Romania, Serbia-Montenegro, Slovakia and Albania. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Relief agencies warned that criminal gangs were trying to abduct young girls from Kosovo and traffic them to Italy and Greece for forced prostitution. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* There are increasing numbers of illegal immigrant women from the Balkan states and Eastern Europe being trafficked to Greece. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Greece cracks down on prostitution", UPI, 17 December 1997)

* The main concentrations of prostituted Dominican women working abroad are in Austria, Curacao, Germany, Greece, Haiti, Italy, the Netherlands, Panama, Puerto Rico, Spain, Switzerland, Venezuela and the West Indies. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Trafficking in Women From the Dominican Republic for Sexual Exploitation", IOM, June 1996)

* In the Czech Republic, the growing organised crime networks have engaged in the trafficking of young women into Western Europe, especially to Germany, Italy, Netherlands and Greece. The operation uses Slovakia as a transit country. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Highway to prostitution", The Euroreporter, 1995)

Child Prostitution and Pornography

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* Findings indicate that the number of minor children in prostitution has tripled during the last 5 or 6 years. (ECPAT International, A Step Forward, 1999)

* In Greece, more than 40% of the minors in prostitution are from neighbouring or regional countries, including Uzbekistan, Kazakhastan, Armenia, Albania and Iraq which are suffering from conflicts and lack of social cohesion. (ECPAT International, A Step Forward, 1999)

* A study in Greece from 1995-97 identified almost 2,900 minors in prostitution. More than 200 of them were under 12 years old. (ECPAT International, A Step Forward, 1999)

* 5,500 cases of sexual exploitation were reported in the last 3 years. (International Save the Children Alliance, Children's Rights: Reality or Rhetoric?, 1999)

LOCAL STATISTICS

* Prostitution is now legal in Greece. In December 1997, there were 160 brothels in Athens, 24 operating without permits. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Greece cracks down on prostitution", UPI, 17 December 1997)

* A survey by the Maragopoulos Foundation for Human Rights, carried out from September 1995 to March 1997 in Athens, revealed the presence of around 3,000 children and young persons involved in prostitution. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Child prostitution is a growing phenomenon, particularly in some parts of immigrant communities of central Athens. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Trafficking in women for prostitution in Greece has increased sharply in recent years. While the government is stiffening its border controls, in part because of the EU Schengen agreement, there are figures suggesting that many women are brought into the country from neighbouring Bulgaria, Albania, or the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The victims of this practice are often minors. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Relief agencies warned that criminal gangs were trying to abduct young girls from Kosovo and traffic them to Italy and Greece for forced prostitution. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

Children in Crime

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* Nearly 3,000 children are reported to be peddling in city intersections, a section of them do this on behalf of criminal gangs. Of the total 3,000, 78% are Albanian, 12% Balkan and 10% Romanian. (US Dept of State, Human Rights Report, 1998)

GENERAL JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS

* 5.9% of total prisoners are juveniles. (UNDP, Human Development Report, 1999)

* In 1998 there were 23,912 reported cases of juvenile crime, representing 6.20% of all criminal cases. The specific offences were: 10 cases of murder (3.00% of all murders), 69 cases of serious assault (1.00% of all cases), 8,746 cases of all types of theft (10.00% of all cases), 498 cases of aggravated theft (13.10% of all cases), 171 cases of robbery and violent theft (7.60% of all cases), 4,510 cases of breaking and entering (10.50% of all cases), 2,152 cases of theft of motor cars (12.80% of all cases), 3,178 cases of other theft (14.70% of all cases), 1 cases of fraud (0.20% of all cases), 13 cases of counterfeit currency offences (0.50% of all cases), 289 cases of drug offences (4.40% of all cases) (INTERPOL, International Crime Statistics for 1998, citing National Statistics)

Child Soldiers

RECRUITMENT LAWS AND REGULATIONS

* There are indications of under-18s in government armed forces as volunteers may serve from the age of 17. (CSUCS, Global Report on Child Soldiers - 2001, 12 June 2001)

* Volunteers from 16 years of age are taken in the government armed forces. (Rädda Barnen, Childwar database)

* The minimum age for conscription is 18 years. (Guy Goodwin-Gill and Ilene Cohn, Child Soldiers, The Role of Children in Armed Conflicts, A Study on Behalf of the Henry Dunant Institute, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1994)

Domestic Child Servants

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Findings of the NOW survey revealed the presence of child workers in different fields including domestic work. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

Other Hazardous
Child Labour

ASSORTED STATISTICS

* In August police detained a group of 35 Roma children from Albania, between the ages of 3 months and 11 years old, who were begging or being exploited by beggars in the streets. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2000, February 2001)

* Findings of a research carried out by Pedagogical Institute reveals that the construction sector employs around 27% of working adolescents and young people (aged 12-21), followed by the agricultural and food production sector (16,3%), and car jobs (12,1%). (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* In recent years, the number of street children who panhandle or peddle at city intersections on behalf of adult family members or for criminal gangs increased. According to the Ministry of Public Order, 78% of these children are Albanian, 12% are from other Balkan countries, and 10% are Romani. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2000, February 2001)

* Findings of the NOW survey revealed the presence of child workers in different fields, and particularly in domestic work, manufacturing industries, markets and retails, street services, etc. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

SPECIFIC SECTORS

* Begging - Around 3,000 Albanian children are trafficked to Italy and Greece and are used for begging and cleaning windows of cars without payment. (CRCA, The Vicious Circle, 2000)

* Construction - In 1996, in Greece, 70 children under the age of 15 years were employed in the construction sector. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

* Leather Tannery - Reports exist of child labour in the tannery sector. (EI, EI Barometer on Human and Trade Union Rights in the Education Sector, 1998)

* Street Children - The migratory flows from the new European democracies in recent years has led to the dramatic increase of children and young people on the streets. Some of them fall into prostitution and are sexually exploited. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)

* Street Children - Rising phenomenon of "children in the street", the majority of these carry out forms of forced labour. (EFCW, Children Who Work in Europe, June 1998)


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