Worst Forms of Child Labour Data

Estonia Region Europe
Population 1,412,000
Population under 18 322,000
Total Child Labour

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* For the year 2000, 17500 children between 15-19 years were economically active. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 2001)

* For the year 2000, the ILO projects that there will be 0 economically active children between the ages of 10-14. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

* 17,800 teenagers between 15-19 years are economically active. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 1999)

* In 1995, there were 0 economically active children between the ages of 10-14. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* A significant proportion of children are exploited. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* In practice child employment is widespread. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

Child Slavery -
Child Trafficking

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* There were no official reports during the year that persons were trafficked in, to, or from the country. However, it is generally understood that job advertisements placed from abroad that request females are in some cases associated with international prostitution rings. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2000, February 2001)

* The Church leaders were illegally bringing young people from Estonia to US to use them as domestic workers, paying them less than a minimum wage. ("Missionary group members could stand trial for smuggling children", 9 June 2000, reprinted in Stop Trafficking Archive, July 2000)

Child Prostitution and Pornography

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* 1,200 children are engaged in prostitution. (World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation, August 1996)

* According to official sources there are 2,000 prostitutes in Estonia. A criminal reporter estimated that the number of minors among these were about 20-30% while a source at the Ministry of Social Affairs believed that about half of the prostitutes were minors. (ECPAT International, Helena Karlen and Christene Hagnen, Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Some Eastern European Countries, March 1996)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* In Estonia, 26% of prostitutes are minors 50% of the exploiters are estimated to be Estonian and the rest are foreigners, mainly Russin, Swedish and Finnish nationals. (SIDA, Ministry of Foreign Affairs France and European Union, Five years after Stockholm, ECPAT International, 2001)

* Finnish press reports alleged large-scale child prostitution in Estonia. The Government called these reports exaggerated but admitted that underage prostitution occurs. (EI, EI Barometer on Human and Trade Union Rights in the Education Sector, 1998)

Children in Crime

GENERAL JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS

* 7.7% of total prisoners are juveniles. (UNDP, Human Development Report, 1999)

* In 1998, there were 8,184 reported cases of juvenile crime, representing 17.90% of all criminal cases. The specific offences were: 17 cases of murder(7.20% of all murders), 11 cases of serious assault (2.80% of all cases), 8,545 cases of all types of theft (23.20% of all cases), 6,372 cases of aggravated theft (23.70% of all cases), 1,062 cases of robbery and violent theft (27.80% of all cases), 5,848 cases of breaking and entering (27.40% of all cases), 595 cases of theft of motor cars (28.30% of all cases), 1,324 cases of other theft (16.90% of all cases), 113 cases of fraud (5.90% of all cases), 19 cases of drug offences (8.40% of all cases) (INTERPOL, International Crime Statistics for 1998, citing National Statistics)

Child Soldiers GOVERNMENT FORCE STATISTICS

* There are approximately 30, 17-year-olds in the Estonian armed forces. (CSUCS, Europe Report, October 1999, citing Mission of Estonia to the UN, 21 September 1999)

RECRUITMENT LAWS AND REGULATIONS

* The Permanent Mission of Estonia in Geneva confirmed that 17-year-olds can volunteer and reported approximately thirty 17-year-olds in the Estonian armed forces. (CSUCS, Global Report on Child Soldiers - 2001, 12 June 2001)

* All young men above the age of 18 years are liable for compulsory military service. 17-year-olds can start their compulsory military service as a volunteers. (CSUCS, Europe Report, October 1999, citing Mission of Estonia to the UN, 21 September 1999)

Domestic Child Servants -
Other Hazardous
Child Labour

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The Church leaders were illegally bringing young people from Estonia to US to use them as domestic workers, paying them less than a minimum wage. ("Missionary group members could stand trial for smuggling children", 9 June 2000, reprinted in Stop Trafficking Archive, July 2000)

* There were instances of families forcing their children to engage in begging and peddling. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

SPECIFIC SECTORS

* Commercial Fishing - A June report described child labour practice as rampant in 156 fishing villages along the Afar River and settlements along the Volta Lake in the Afram plains. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)


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