Worst Forms of Child Labour Data

Dominican Republic Region Americas
Population 8,364,000
Population under 18 3,306,000
Total Child Labour

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* For the year 2000, the ILO projects that there will be 122,000 economically active children, 20,000 girls and 102,000 boys between the ages of 10-14, representing 13.22% of this age group. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

* 97,661 children between 10-14 years, and 325,503 between 15-19 years are economically active. (ILO, Yearbook of Labour Statistics, 1999)

* According to the World Bank, 13% of children between the ages of 7-14 do not attend class because they work outside the home or stay home doing house chores. Approximately 11% work and go to school at the same time, which means that for one-fourth of the population of minors it is impossible to continue the education they need to become more skilled. (Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Country Report: Dominican Republic, 1999)

* The ILO estimated in August 1997 that 169,000 children between the ages of 7-14 held jobs. (US Dept of State, Human Rights Report, 1998)

* In 1995, there were 137,000 economically active children between the ages of 10-14, representing 16.06% of this age group. Of these, 20,000 were girls and 117,000 were boys. (ILO, International Labour Office - Bureau of Statistics, Economically Active Population 1950-2010, STAT Working Paper, ILO 1997)

* According to the National Population Census of 1993, the economically active population between 10-14 years numbered 89,966, which represents 10.73% of this age group. Out of these, 33.5% were involved in agriculture, community, social and personal services, and 21.6% in the commercial sector, hotels and restaurants. (ILO-IPEC, El trabajo infantil en America Latina - CD-ROM, August 1999)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Tens of thousands of children begin working before the age of 14. Child labour takes place primarily in the informal economy, agriculture, small businesses, clandestine factories, and prostitution. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* The county's nine Export Processing Zones are significant employers of underage workers, particularly young girls. (EI, EI Barometer on Human and Trade Union Rights in the Education Sector, 1998)
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Child Slavery

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The Lawyers' Committee for Human Rights stated in 1991 that the Dominican government actively encourages forced labour by children on sugar plantations. (EI, EI Barometer on Human and Trade Union Rights in the Education Sector, 1998)

Child Trafficking

ADULT STATISTICS

* The Dominican Republic is a significant source country. It is reported that there are 50,000 women from the Dominican Republic overseas in the sex industry. This is the fourth highest number in the world, after Thailand, Brazil and the Philippines. (ECPAT, CSEC Database, http://www.ecpat.net/eng/ecpat_inter/projects/monitoring/online_database/index.asp)

* An international trafficking network was broken up in Spain and 15 people arrested for allegedly trafficking dozens of women from the Dominican Republic, Brazil, Columbia, Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria to Spain, forcing them into prostitution. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Spanish Prostitution Ring Busted", AP, 18 April 1998)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The Dominican Republic is primarily a source country for trafficked women and, less frequently, for minor girls. (US Dept. of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, July 12, 2001)

* The main concentrations of prostituted Dominican women working abroad are in Austria, Spain, Germany, Greece, Haiti, Italy, the Netherlands, and Panama. (ECPAT, CSEC Database, http://www.ecpat.net/eng/ecpat_inter/projects/monitoring/online_database/index.asp)

* According to COIN, a NGO, women typically between the ages of 18 and 25, and girls as young as age 15, are trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation and domestic servitude to Europe (Italy, Holland, Switzerland, Germany, Greece, and Belgium), the Lesser Antilles (Caracas, Saint Martin, Aruba, and Antigua), and, in some cases, to Argentina and Israel. (US Dept. of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, July 12, 2001 citing Center for Integral Orientation and Investigation)

* The Directorate of Migration estimates that there are approximately 400 rings of alien smugglers and purveyors of false documents operating within the country. These individuals profit by facilitating the trafficking of women to Spain, Netherlands, and Argentina under false pretenses, for purposes of prostitution. The government also is concerned that some individuals coming to the country ostensibly to adopt children, may actually intend to use the children in the production of pornography or in the sex trade. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* The main concentrations of prostituted Dominican women working abroad are in Austria, Curacao, Germany, Greece, Haiti, Italy, the Netherlands, Panama, Puerto Rico, Spain, Switzerland, Venezuela and the West Indies. (CATW Fact Book, citing "Trafficking in Women from the Dominican Republic for Sexual Exploitation", IOM, June 1996)

* The second largest migrant group of women in prostitution in Germany is from Latin America, mostly from the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil. Dominican women are confined to apartments, while those from Ecuador work in the street, or in bars and cabarets. (CATW Fact Book, citing Licia Brussa, "Transnational AIDS Prevention Among Migrant Prostitutes in Europe", TAMPEP, 1996)

* Girls are often trafficked by being lured into marriages under false pretenses, and are the sold into prostitution by the 'husband'. (ECPAT International)

Child Prostitution and Pornography

NATIONAL STATISTICS

* It is estimated, for example, that there are over 25,000 minors involved in prostitution in the Dominican Republic. (ECPAT International, A Step Forward, 1999)

* There are approximately 30,000 child prostitutes. (ILO-IPEC, Mainstreaming Gender in IPEC Activities, 1999)

* 25,455 children were engaged in prostitution. The main age group was between 12-17 years, of which 64% were girls and 36% were boys. (International Save the Children Alliance, Children's Rights: Reality or Rhetoric?, 1999, citing a UNICEF survey carried out in 1992)

ADULT STATISTICS

* There are 50,000 women from the Dominican Republic overseas in the sex industry - the fourth highest number in the world, after Thailand, Brazil and the Philippines. (ECPAT International)

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* The country has a large sex industry that serves both local clientele and foreign visitors. The authors of the 1991 study by UNICEF and ONAPLAN called this phenomenon ""neo-prostitution'" because it occurs on moving from place to place basis, primarily in the 12 to 17 age range. (ECPAT, CSEC Database, http://www.ecpat.net/eng/ecpat_inter/projects/monitoring/online_database/index.asp)

* The Directorate of Migration estimates that there are approximately 400 rings of alien smugglers and purveyors of false documents operating within the country. These individuals profit by facilitating the trafficking of women to Spain, Netherlands, and Argentina under false pretenses, for purposes of prostitution. The government also is concerned that some individuals coming to the country ostensibly to adopt children, may actually intend to use the children in the production of pornography or in the sex trade. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* Sexual exploitation of children in the tourism industry is common. Tours are marketed overseas with the understanding that boys and girls can be found as sex partners. (US Dept of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 1999, 25 February 2000)

* The Dominican Republic has a well-documented child sex trade with a thriving sex tourism sector. (June Kane, Sold for Sex, Aren Ashgate Publising Limited Gower House, 1998)

* Girls are often trafficked by being lured into marriages under false pretenses and are the sold into prostitution by the 'husband'. (ECPAT International)

Children in Crime

GENERAL JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS

* 1,479 crimes involving children were reported. (International Save the Children Alliance, Children's Rights: Reality or Rhetoric?, 1999)

Child Soldiers RECRUITMENT LAWS AND REGULATIONS

* There are no indications of under-18s in government armed forces. National legislation provides for the special protection of children at times of war. (CSUCS, Global Report on Child Soldiers - 2001, 12 June 2001)

* The minimum age for conscription is 18 years. (Guy Goodwin-Gill and Ilene Cohn, Child Soldiers, The Role of Children in Armed Conflicts, A Study on Behalf of the Henry Dunant Institute, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1994)

Domestic Child Servants -
Other Hazardous
Child Labour

GENERAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS

* Child workers are found in the fire-works industry and in sugar plantations. (EI, EI Barometer on Human and Trade Union Rights in the Education Sector, 1998)


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