Global March Against Child Labour: From Exploitation to Education
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Global March Against Child Labour - From Exploitation to Education

The Togolese national Assembly has voted the code of the child

 
   

Monday 25th June 2007

Cleophas Mally,ExecutiveDirector,
Wao Afrique
 

The Togolese national Assembly has voted the code of the child Monday 25th June 2007. The new test which contains 457 (four hundred and fifty seven) articles is one of the illustrations of the engagement of WAO-Afrique in collaboration with partners especially Global March against child labour to protect and promote child rights.

These 457 articles are shared out into 8 titles. The preliminary title treats the definitions and general principles while the title 1 is talking about the rights and liberty of the child. Concerning the title 2 it talks about the child rights with a special protection while the child’s duties are been taking into account in the third title and the obligations of the State in the fourth. Titles 4 and 5 treat respectively of the protection and promotion of child rights by private institution; and then of the control of the implementation of child rights by the national committee. The last title groups the final dispositions.

“This code which has become a law today is the fruit of the collaboration between judges, child rights defenders and governmental actors” said they Minister in charge of child protection, Mme Christine Agnélé Mensah-Atoemne.

 
   
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Celebrations As Anti-Trafficking Law is Put Into Effect in Togo
 
   

Global March Against Child Labour, WAO-Afrique, Regional Coordination of  Francophone Africa for Global March and partners in Togo have welcomed  the sentences handed down to five child traffickers last week. The trials marked the first application of a law adopted in August 2005 against the trafficking of children.

"The most important thing for us is the strong message that the  government wants to send to traffickers, which is tell them that  impunity is no longer acceptable in the face of this phenomenon  (trafficking) in Togo," said Cléophas Mally, WAO-Afrique and Regional  Coordinator, Francophone Africa for Global March Against Child Labour.

Four of the five traffickers were tried by court in the northern town of  Kara. Soulé Lamania was sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of 18  months for having taken five children to Nigeria, while Anaheri Kasso  was sentenced to 12 months in prison (five suspended) and a fine of  about 2,000 dollars for trafficking three children. Yamba Kodjo was  ordered to pay some 600 dollars for having taken the children of his  sister to Nigeria, after having said that he was transporting them to a  village. This money will be used to repatriate the children. The fourth  trafficker tried in Kara, Pascal Bayobda, was found guilty of rape and  of procuring a 14-year-old - and received a suspended, 12-month jail term. Simultaneously, a court in Sokodé found Issa Ousoumanou Oukenini  guilty of trafficking five children to Nigeria - and sentenced him to  fixed imprisonment of two years.

Under the 'United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish the Trafficking of Persons', trafficking is viewed as encompassing a broad  range of activities that result in people being used "for an improper  purpose", such as forced labour and sexual exploitation. (The protocol  was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2000.)

Thousands of these cases occur in West Africa, where children are  trafficked within their countries or to neighbouring states - girls  often to work as domestics, and boys as agricultural
labourers.Widespread poverty paves the way for trafficking, making parents and children alike susceptible to the promises of traffickers.

Under the 2005 law, those responsible for the trafficking of children and their accomplices may receive prison sentences of a month to five  years, and fines of 1,000 to 20,000 dollars.

The law has also tightened up on the departure of children from Togo.  Special authorisation from a court is now required to take a child who  not accompanied by its parents or guardian out of the country.

or several years now, "comités de vigilance" (vigilance committees) have  been put in place to raise awareness of the dangers of trafficking and,  keep track of children likely to be targeted and the traffickers themselves.

Global March Against Child Labour and partner organizations in Togo have been trying to get the law implemented. Global March and partners have also played an important role in the adoption of the anti-trafficking law.

 
   
 
Global March Against Child Labour - From Exploitation to Education

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